SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS: THE CASE OF URBAN POVERTY IN MALAYSIA
Malaysia has made great strides in eradicating poverty. Based on the latest figures of the 9th Malaysian Plan Mid-term review, the overall hardcore poverty percentage is down to 0.7%, and only 3.6% of the Malaysian population is living below the overall poverty line. While in the past significant efforts had been taken by the government throughvarious developmental project to alleviate poverty inrural area had proven successful. Today, urban poverty in Malaysia is an increasingly visible phenomenon due to rural-urban migration and the natural population growth in urban areas. Given the changing dimensions and emerging new forms of poverty as a result of unwanted effects ofdevelopment there is a dire need to re-examine andre-visit urban poverty in Malaysia. This paper provides a comprehensive literature review of the topic under this study. Inparticular it overviews the effectiveness of the social entrepreneurship initiatives that social entrepreneurs have pursued in solving urban poverty issues in the country.
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